On the job training

On the Job Training: Master the 3 Important Aspects of OJT

In today’s fast-paced world, how can one ensure that they have the right skills and knowledge to keep up with the demands of their job? One way is through on the job training (OJT). On the job training is a process of learning new skills while working on the job. It involves training employees by showing them how to perform tasks, giving them opportunities to practice, and providing feedback. In this blog, we will take you through everything you need to know about on the job training. We’ll discuss its types, importance, advantages, and disadvantages. By the end of this read, you will be equipped with all the information you need to decide whether on the job training is right for you or your organization.

What is On the Job Training?

On the job training (OJT) is a vocational education method that occurs in a work environment. It involves trainees learning and practicing job-specific skills with the guidance of experienced workers. On the job training is used to improve employee skills or to onboard new hires. OJT can be an affordable way for employers to enhance worker performance and productivity.

Types of On the Job Training

Hands-on experience is an essential aspect of any training program, especially for a specific job like on the job training (OJT). In this type of training method, trainees learn and practice job-specific competencies under the guidance of experienced colleagues. On the job training helps employees develop new skills and supports new hires in getting up to speed quickly in their new roles. Three hands-on types of on the job training that companies can use are job rotation, mentoring and apprenticeship training. These types are discussed in detail below.

Job Rotation

Job rotation is an effective hands-on method of on the job training that involves moving co-workers across various areas in an organization. This approach enables them to gain practical skills in different job responsibilities across the hierarchy while working with the right people. Job rotation not only provides a real-world environment for learning but also ensures faster learning and competency development through delegation. This method of training plan is a perfect example of teamwork where senior employees coach their junior counterparts by imparting basic information and best practices.

For instance, a production worker may spend a few months working on the assembly line, then rotate to quality control, followed by a stint in logistics. This allows employees to gain a comprehensive understanding of various processes, cross-train in different functions, and develop a well-rounded skill set.


Experienced employees providing hands-on experience to new hires through mentoring is an effective way of on the job training. By developing competencies in necessary skills and gaining specific job-related information from mentors, the workforce can better adapt to company policies and work environment. Mentoring programs are perfect examples of teamwork with senior employees coaching new hires towards faster learning and better job performance. Job rotation and job training program through apprenticeships are also great types of training methods for new employees.

For instance, a junior marketer is paired with an experienced marketing manager as part of a mentoring program. The mentor guides the junior marketer by providing advice, sharing industry insights, and offering feedback on their work. The mentoring relationship fosters professional growth, knowledge transfer, and creates a supportive learning environment within the organization.

Apprenticeship Training

Apprenticeships are an effective hands-on training method that involves combining classroom instruction with practical skills necessary in specific jobs. This type of training program helps trainees gain competencies required for their job responsibilities while earning at the same time. Apprentices work alongside experienced employees in real-world environments, gaining necessary skills through simulations and shadowing senior employees. The apprenticeship’s practical approach is a perfect example of teamwork, delegation, and coaching by the right people in a structured training environment.

For instance, an automotive repair shop, an aspiring mechanic joins the team as an apprentice. Under the guidance of experienced technicians, the apprentice learns the trade by working alongside them on various tasks, such as diagnosing issues, performing repairs, and maintaining vehicles.

Importance of On the Job Training

Effective employee training starts with on the job training (OJT) method. This practical approach allows trainees to gain hands-on experience in specific job responsibilities under the guidance of senior employees or coworkers. OJT program can take different forms like job rotation, shadowing, apprenticeship or even mentoring by experienced employees. Training plans can be developed based on skill deficiencies identified during the hiring process to ensure that new hires have the necessary competencies to perform their job responsibilities efficiently. The right people in a conducive work environment along with teamwork also contribute towards faster learning of new skills and competencies.

Faster training with real-time experience

Hands-on experience is crucial for job training programs like apprenticeship, shadowing, internship, or any other type of training method. This practical approach provides the trainee with the necessary skills to perform specific job responsibilities in real-world situations. Faster learning takes place when someone is exposed to the right people, machinery, simulations, and work environment during the training period. It allows them to learn faster than traditional methods because they are applying their knowledge immediately. Senior employees’ involvement through coaching and mentoring is a perfect example of teamwork for new hires or those who need specific competencies developed within them.

Team building

Team building is a crucial component of any job training program. On the job training provides a workplace environment where employees work together towards a common goal. By identifying strengths and weaknesses within the team during this hands-on training method, coworkers can foster camaraderie while improving overall performance and productivity. Additionally, companies looking for effective ways to develop their workforce should consider implementing an apprenticeship or shadowing program that pairs experienced employees with new hires. Investing in this practical approach ensures new employees acquire the necessary skills to succeed in specific job competencies.

Financial benefit

Employee training is essential for companies looking to increase productivity while keeping costs low. With on the job training methods such as shadowing or apprenticeships, companies are able to train their employees in a hands-on environment, perfect for building necessary skills. This type of training is especially beneficial for new hires or trainees looking to gain experience in a specific job or machinery. Effective employee training programs also promote teamwork and collaboration among coworkers. By investing in employee development through job training programs and coaching best practices, employers are able to create a more experienced and skilled workforce that leads to increased efficiency and productivity.

Advantages of On the Job Training

The perfect example of a practical approach to learning new skills is on the job training (OJT) program. OJT is an effective type of training method that allows the workforce to learn by doing rather than attending traditional classroom-style training programs. With OJT programs like job shadowing, apprenticeship programs or trainee positions you get hands-on experience with specific job responsibilities and machinery. This type of hands-on method of training ensures faster learning and better understanding of the necessary skills needed for a particular job which leads to less time spent in the learning process. OJT also encourages teamwork and delegation among co-workers fostering a sense of camaraderie and team building.

Cost-Effective Training Method

Workforce training is crucial for any organization to remain competitive in today’s job market. One of the most effective types of workforce training methods is job training or on the job training (OJT). Among various OJT methods available, cost-effective training stands out as the perfect example of an efficient method of skill-building. It involves customized programs that provide hands-on experience in real-world situations to help employees develop new skills and improve existing ones leading to career growth opportunities within the company.

Improved Job Performance

As one of the most effective types of training methods out there, on the job training (OJT) offers hands-on experience to both new hires and experienced employees. One major benefit of this practical approach is improved job performance. Employees who receive OJT tend to be more engaged and satisfied with their jobs since they gain practical skills that can be immediately applied in the workforce. Supervisors provide personalized feedback and coaching throughout the learning process to help trainees develop competencies necessary for specific job responsibilities. By eliminating the need for expensive off-site training programs, OJT is a cost-effective option for any company looking to invest in its workforce.

Flexibility in Training

In an on the job training program, the flexibility in training is a major advantage. Employees can acquire new skills using this hands-on method without disturbing their normal job responsibilities. This type of training provides the freedom to customize the learning process based on the trainee’s specific job requirements and competencies.

The practical approach lets employees apply what they have learned in real-world scenarios, giving them hands-on experience with machinery or customer service. New hires benefit immensely from job shadowing with experienced co-workers, internships or apprenticeships while senior employees can gain new skills through job rotation or mentoring. In conclusion, on the job training is an effective way of developing necessary skills while improving teamwork in a company.

Disadvantages of On the Job Training

While on the job training is an effective and practical method of training employees, it comes with certain downsides that must be addressed. For instance, the lack of a proper training plan and structure could result in inadequate skill development. Additionally, it may take up a considerable amount of productive work time and may even result in decreased productivity. Inconsistent training experiences due to different trainers’ varying levels of expertise are also inevitable. Moreover, there’s always a risk of mistakes that could potentially harm both the workforce and customers.

Inadequate Supervision

Employers should ensure that supervisors are properly trained and have the time and resources to adequately supervise trainees. This can be done through a number of means, such as providing adequate training and resources, or implementing a system where supervisors primarily rely on feedback from trainees to improve their skills. By doing this, employers can avoid many of the disadvantages associated with on the job training.

Lack of Standardization

One major drawback of on the job training is the lack of standardization in its approach. This can lead to inconsistencies in the quality of job training provided to employees and make it challenging to assess their progress accurately. Without a well-defined set of training standards in place, new hires may receive varying levels of competency development based on the trainer’s expertise or individual preferences. Additionally, there could be gaps in essential skill acquisition that are required for specific job responsibilities. To overcome these challenges employers should consider implementing a structured and standardized job training program that emphasizes teamwork and hands-on experience.


While mastering skills through on the job training (OJT) is an effective type of workforce development, it does have its drawbacks. One such disadvantage is that OJT can be a time-consuming training method that requires patience from both the experienced employee doing the training and the trainee learning new competencies. Balancing daily job responsibilities while learning new skills on the job can be challenging for some new employees, making it necessary to delegate specific job responsibilities to ensure they get adequate hands-on experience. However, this hands-on method of training provides practical skills that are necessary in real-world situations.

Is on the job training effective?

On the job training can be a valuable method for gaining practical skills and knowledge. It provides hands-on experience in real work situations, allowing trainees to apply theoretical knowledge to practical tasks and gain a deeper understanding of job requirements. Trainees learn job-specific skills and tasks directly from experienced colleagues or mentors, enabling them to acquire relevant competencies efficiently. On the job training helps individuals adapt to the work environment, understand company culture, and familiarize themselves with organizational processes, procedures, and expectations. However, its effectiveness may vary depending on the type of skill or industry being taught. (it might have disadvantages as well, expensive, risely comes in)


On the job training is an effective way to develop the skills required for a particular job. It provides real-time experience to the trainee and is cost-effective for the organization. It also helps in building team spirit, improving job performance, and providing flexibility in training. However, there are some disadvantages, such as inadequate supervision, lack of standardization, and time consumption. Overall, on the job training has proven to be an effective method for skill development. If you are looking to master your skills through on-the-job training, reach out to us for a consultation and start your journey towards success today.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common techniques used in on the job training?

On the job training commonly utilizes coaching, mentoring, job shadowing to observe experienced employees, simulated exercises to practice skills in a controlled environment, and role-playing to enhance communication and problem-solving abilities. These techniques provide a well-rounded learning experience.

How does on the job training benefit an organization?

On the job training benefits an organization by improving employee productivity and efficiency, developing role-specific skills, increasing employee retention rates, and reducing costly errors and accidents through proper training. It also shows a commitment to employee growth and development.

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