8 Effective problem-solving strategies for managers

8 Effective problem-solving strategies for managers

Imagine you’re the manager of a team working on a project that’s running behind schedule. You’ve already tried a few solutions, but nothing is working. You know you need to take a different approach but are unsure where to start. This is where problem-solving strategies come in. As a manager, you likely face these kinds of problems daily. Whether it’s a deadline that’s quickly approaching, a team member who’s struggling to perform, or a project that’s not going according to plan, it’s essential that you have effective problem-solving strategies in your arsenal.

In today’s ever-changing business environment, managers must be able to identify, analyze, and solve complex problems. This is where problem-solving strategies can be incredibly useful. In addition, managers can develop effective solutions to various problems using proven strategies. In this blog, we’ll explore some of the most effective problem-solving strategies for managers. Then, we’ll look at examples to illustrate how these strategies can be applied in the workplace. Whether you’re dealing with a minor hiccup or a major crisis, these strategies will help you to approach problems in a structured, systematic way, leading to better outcomes and a more successful team.

What are problem-solving strategies? Why is it important?

Problem-solving strategies refer to a set of methods and approaches used to identify, analyze, and resolve issues or challenges that arise in the workplace. These strategies help employees deal with complex problems and find effective solutions. 

Problem-solving strategies are important because they help individuals and teams to approach complex issues in a structured and effective way. By following a systematic approach to problem-solving, individuals and teams can increase their chances of success and achieve better outcomes. Additionally, problem-solving strategies promote critical thinking, creativity, and collaboration, essential skills in both personal and professional contexts.

Some common problem-solving steps include

  • Defining the problem
  • Gathering information
  • Generating alternative solutions
  • Evaluating potential solutions
  • Selecting the best solution
  • Implementing and monitoring the chosen solution
8 Effective problem-solving strategies for managers
Steps to problem-solving

8 Problem-solving strategies

  1. Brainstorming: It is a problem-solving strategy involving generating as many ideas as possible to address a problem. In the workplace, managers can use brainstorming to encourage creativity and collaboration among team members. For example, a manager who wants to improve customer satisfaction can gather their team and encourage them to develop as many ideas as possible to achieve that goal. Some benefits of brainstorming are that it can generate many ideas and foster collaboration and a sense of ownership among team members. It is also a low-risk strategy that encourages creativity.
  2. Trial and error: It is a problem-solving strategy that involves trying different approaches until a solution is found. Managers can use trial and error to experiment with different solutions to a problem. For example, a manager trying to improve productivity may experiment with different workflows or processes until they find one that works. One drawback of this problem-solving strategy is that it can be time-consuming, and some solutions may need to be more feasible and practical. Additionally, this strategy can be frustrating and demotivating for team members if they feel like progress is not being made.
  3. Kipling method: The Kipling method is a strategy that involves asking a series of questions to understand a problem better. Managers can use the Kipling method to ensure they fully understand a problem before trying to solve it. For example, if a manager is trying to improve employee engagement, they may use the Kipling method to ask questions like “What is the problem?”, “Why is it a problem?”, “Who is affected by the problem?” and “When does the problem occur?” The Kipling method can help managers better understand a problem and identify the relevant factors that must be considered. This helps ensure that the chosen solution is effective.
  4. Work backward: This problem-solving strategy involves starting with the desired outcome and working backward to identify the steps needed to achieve it. In the workplace, managers can use this strategy to reverse engineer a solution to a problem. For example, if a manager wants to increase sales, they can ask themselves, “What needs to happen for us to achieve that goal?” and then work backward from there. Following this strategy can help managers identify the key steps needed to achieve a goal and ensure their efforts focus on the most important activities. It can also help to break down a complex problem into smaller, more manageable parts.
  5. Heuristics: It is a problem-solving strategy that relies on rules of thumb or intuition rather than a systematic approach. In the workplace, managers can use heuristics to make quick decisions based on their experience and expertise. For example, a manager may use intuition to identify the best candidate for a job based on their previous hiring experiences. The problem-solving strategy heuristics can help managers to make quick decisions when time is limited and can also help to streamline decision-making by eliminating the need for a systematic approach. Additionally, heuristics can be helpful for experienced managers who have developed a strong sense of intuition and expertise in their field.
  6. Draw the problem: This is a problem-solving strategy that involves visualizing a problem to gain a better understanding of its components and relationships. Managers can use this strategy in the workplace to better understand complex problems and identify potential solutions. For example, a manager may draw a diagram to visualize the workflow of a particular process and identify areas where bottlenecks occur. However, the biggest drawback of this strategy is that it can be time-consuming and may not be necessary for every problem. Additionally, some team members may not be visual learners and may not find this strategy helpful.
  7. Get peer advice: This problem-solving strategy involves seeking input from colleagues or experts to gain a fresh perspective on a problem. Managers can use this strategy to tap into the expertise of their team or other professionals in their field. For example, a manager may seek input from a colleague with experience with a particular process or technology. However, the drawback of getting peers’ advice is that it can be time-consuming, and not all colleagues or experts may be willing or able to provide input. Additionally, seeking information from others may not always be practical, particularly if the problem requires a quick solution.
  8. Sleep on it: It is a problem-solving strategy that involves taking a break from a problem and returning to it with a fresh perspective after rest or reflection. Managers use this strategy to avoid making hasty decisions or overcome mental blocks preventing progress. For example, a manager may take a break from a project that is causing them frustration and return to it the next day with a clearer mind. This strategy can help managers to avoid making rash decisions or succumbing to mental blocks and can also help to improve creativity and problem-solving ability.

What skills do efficient problem-solving managers have?

Efficient problem-solving managers possess a range of skills that enable them to effectively analyze and solve complex workplace problems. Some of these skills include:

  • Critical thinking
  • Creativity
  • Collaboration
  • Communication
  • Analytical skills
  • Leadership
  • Adaptability
  • Decision-making
  • Time management
  • Risk management

How to apply problem-solving strategies in real-life situations?

  • Evaluate the solutions: Evaluate each potential solution to determine which is the most effective and feasible for the situation.
  • Implement the solution: Choose the best solution and implement it. Develop a plan of action, allocate resources, and assign roles and responsibilities.
  • Monitor and evaluate the results: Monitor the solution’s progress and effectiveness. Make adjustments as necessary to ensure the desired outcomes are achieved.
  • Reflect and learn: After implementing the solution, reflect on the problem-solving process and identify areas for improvement. Learn from the experience and use the knowledge gained to improve future problem-solving efforts.


In conclusion, problem-solving strategies are essential for managers who want to overcome obstacles and achieve their goals. Using strategies such as brainstorming, trial, and error, and the Kipling method, managers can approach problems structured and systematically, improving their chances of finding effective solutions.

It’s important to remember that problem-solving is not a one-size-fits-all approach. Different problems require different strategies, and it’s up to the manager to determine which method best suits the situation. Managers can develop the skills to tackle even the most complex challenges by utilizing various problem-solving techniques and strategies. In addition to developing effective problem-solving skills, managers must foster a culture of collaboration and open communication in the workplace. By encouraging team members to share their ideas and perspectives, managers can tap into their team’s collective knowledge and experience, leading to more creative and effective problem-solving outcomes.

Are your problem-solving strategies effective?

Find out now with the help of the problem-solving assessment for managers and team leaders.

Frequently asked questions

What are the 4 types of problem-solving strategies?

The four types of problem-solving strategies are:
– Trial and error
– Algorithmic
– Heuristic
– Insightful

What are the five 5 most common methods of problem-solving?  

The five most common methods of problem-solving are:
– Brainstorming
– Root cause analysis
– SWOT analysis
– Fishbone diagram
– Work backward

Why do managers need problem-solving strategies in the workplace?

Managers need problem-solving strategies in the workplace because they are faced with various challenges and obstacles that require solutions. Without effective problem-solving strategies, managers may struggle to solve problems, leading to increased stress, decreased productivity, and decreased job satisfaction. 

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